Fabrication of Silicon Microtips with Integrated Electrodes
Keywords:Microtips, MEMs, FED
This paper describes a simple method to fabricate silicon microtips with integrated self-aligned polarization electrodes for development of MEMS and electron field emission devices. The method is based on the wet bulk micromachining of the silicon substrate in KOH solutions and utilizes low stress PECVD SiOxNy films obtained at low temperatures (320°C) as structural material for both mechanical support and electrical insulation of the electrodes. For the electrodes sputtered Cr films were utilized. The microtip formation process was studied by optical and electronic microscopy to analyze tip geometry and the characteristic etch rate of the different stages during the tips formation. The fabricated devices were matrixes with different numbers of microtips, each with a typical height of 52 μm and with diameter at the apex below 1 μm. In the best case, the distance between the apex of the tips and the metallic electrode was lower than 5 μm. The results also show that the low stress SiOxNy film is essential to attain the necessary flatness required by the process.