Oxygen Plasma Surface Treatment onto ITO Surface for OLEDs Based on Europium Complex
Keywords:organic light emitting diodes, electroluminescence, electrical characterization, rare earth complexes, oxygen plasma surface treatment
In this work, Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) based on Europium (III) complex were studied, especially those with an oxygen plasma surface treatment onto indium tin oxide (ITO) transparent electrode. An OLED with the same thin-film structure but with untreated ITO was fabricated for comparison purposes. Current density-voltage characteristics for treated devices demonstrated an increase from 0.4 to 3.3 mA/cm² and a decrease of the turn-on voltage from 28 to 22 V. Additionally, improved hole injection through the transparent electrode impacted on optical response, as luminous efficiency increased from 26 to 44 mcd/A with the advantage of no significant disturb on the europium typical electroluminescence emission spectrum. Emission peak was observed at a wavelength of approximately 614 nm, which is defined by the transition associated with spectroscopic terms (5D0→7D2) and CIE chromaticity coordinates of (0.50;0.36).