A 59 pA/V and 62 nW Differential OTA with 0.35% THD for Biomedical Applications
Keywords:Analog design, OTA, Gm reduction, OTA-C
This paper presents a novel differential pA/V Operational Transconductance Amplifier (OTA) topology. The circuit is suitable for the implementation of fully integrated operational transconductance amplifier-capacitance (OTA-C) filters with small feature size capacitors, suited for electrophysiological signal acquisition and conditioning. Unlike typical OTA-Cs, the proposed topology consists of transconductance reduction technique based on unbalanced output branches that
allow current subtraction thus enabling transconductances in the order of pA/V. The technique is demonstrated through the design of a 59pA/V transconductor, which is very suited for designing long-time-constant filters. This OTA-C achieved a worst-case 0.35% THD with just 61.7nW average power consumption, which allows its applicability to biomedical implants. Simulations were carried out with STMicroelectronics 0.13µm HCMOS9 node using Cadence’s IC design tools. We
employed the OTA in a design of a fourth-order bandpass filter with a narrow bandwidth of 12.5–21.8Hz. Similar results to the ideal transfer function, turn the proposed OTA ideal for biosensing-based applications.